Joe Swift’s April Gardening Jobs For Dummies
That bush won't trim itself, you know. If you're frightened, like me, of tackling what's become of the garden, then read on for some spring tips from super-gardener Joe Swift.
TV presenter, author and gardener Joe Swift can add a new string to his beanstalk – he’s now a performer, with his own one man show A Man About the Garden (catch in Somerset next week if you’re in that neck of the woods). Still, let’s not encourage him to give up the day job until he’s given us some April Gardening Tips for Dummies. Off you go Joe, and no tea and biccies for you till you’ve sorted out my mossy overgrowth.
Joe’s April Gardening Tips for Dummies
1. Get Weeding
As the soil warms up, the weeds will grow. If you deal with them early, especially the perennial weeds, you’ll save yourself a huge task before they creep, seed, and get hold. Make sure to dig out every bit of root. Inorganic gardeners may want to use a glyphosate-based weed killer on large areas (read instructions carefully)
2. Divide perennials
Division can regenerate a tired-looking plant (many die out in the middle and lack vigour after a few years), reduce a large clump which is getting too big or out of proportion and/or to create some new free plants to pop back into the beds. Lift the entire clump out of the ground and split using back to back forks or cut through using an old serrated bread knife. Divide into fist-sized chunks looking only for healthy growth and roots, discard any old bits, condition the soil and replant.
3. Prune shrubs
Shrubs such as buddleja, cotinus and dogwoods can all be cut back hard or to a height so they grow back and flower at a required height. This will keep them at a manageable size, as well as deepening the stem colour of those grown for their winter stems. Shape evergreen shrubs. Avoid pruning any plants that are in flower or soon to flower unless you feel confident you can take out any dead, diseased or damaged branches (the 3 Ds), without stressing the plant and losing flowers.
4. Love your lawn
Start mowing on a high setting and slowly lower the mower over the next few cuts rather than scalping it too short. Lawns can be scarified, aerated, top-dressed and weeded. Well some, if not all of those! It’s also a good time to lay a new lawn too, patch up an old one or replace or re-seed particularly worn areas.
Once the soil has been weeded and any divided perennials or new plants planted back in, mulch the soil when it’s moist. This will lock in the moisture, improve soil fertility over time, suppress annual weeds and show off your plants. Don’t scrimp – always apply a thick layer about 2 inches deep (5cm). Homemade compost, mushroom compost, well-rotted horse manure and composted bark are all good choices; mushroom compost is too but is alkaline whereas composted bark tends to be acidic.